Retinoids refer to any chemical compound related to Vitamin A (often known as the anti-aging vitamin). The main function of Retinoids is
- Resurfacing (Retonoic acid has the ability to affect cell formation hence it’s reputation to reverse skin damage)
Retinoids act in a number of ways:
- Promotes collagen production and elastin
- Regulates cellular proliferation and differentiation
- Increase epidermal thickness
Like with AHAs the concentration of retinoids has a great effect on the effectiveness of the treatment. Retinoic acid is available only with a Doctor’s prescription and is the strongest Retinoid. Retinol and Retinaldehyde (Retinal) are both available in direct to the public skincare at effective concentrations, and are considered the best to use for the average individual. Many skincare ranges use Retinyl Palmitate which is a much ‘weaker’ form of retinoid, so in order to gain maximum benefit, avoid these products in favour of those which use Retinal or Retinol.
It is also important to use a Broad Spectrum Sunscreen to protect your skin which can will become more photosensitive when using retinoids.
Method of use:
Each individual will have a different reaction to Retinoids. It may be necessary to build up tolerance to the retinoid over one to two months in order to avoid a reaction (rednesss etc). Use twice a week, building up to every alternate evening and eventually to daily use for 6-12 months. After this time you should either give your skin a 6 month break, or continue to use bi-weekly.
It is always advised to seek the advice of your doctor if you become pregnant and would like to continue using Retinoids. Click Here to arrange a consultation.